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Home > Programs & Publications > Bibliography on Pay Equity

Pay Equity Bibliography
Salaried and Professional Women




U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.  “Median Weekly Earnings for Full Time Wage and Salary Workers by Detailed Occupation and Sex.”  Table 39, 2007 figures. 

American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Women’s Rights Department.  “Short Changed:  An Analysis of Gender and Race Segregation and Pay Inequities in the University of Maryland System.”  March 2001.  (Finds gender-based pay inequities in a variety of job classifications at the University of Maryland.)

American Salaries and Wages Survey, 7th edition  (Gale, 2003).  Compilation of many occupations and corresponding salaries obtained from government and trade association data.

Medical & Life Sciences

Laine, C., and B. Turner.  “Unequal Pay for Equal Work:  The Gender Gap in Academic Medicine.”  Annals of Internal Medicine, Volume 141, Issue 3; page 238, Philadelphia:  August 3, 2004.  (Discusses results of statistical report listed below, which provides recent evidence of salary disparities between men and women in the medical field.)

Association of American Medical Colleges.  “Women in U.S. Academic Medicine:   Statistics and Medical School Benchmarking 2003-2004.”  (Findings discussed in article above.)

Holliday, P. C., J. McNichol, and A. Pietranton.  “Getting What You’re Worth:  Valuable Lessons.”  (American Speech and Hearing Association salary report and strategies for compensation efforts.)

Robinson, E.S. and  C.L. Mee.  “Nursing 2004 Salary Survey.”  Nursing, Volume 34, Issue 10;  page 36, Horsham:  October 2004.;jsessionid=CgJH76wkuelgSQuMAVNnyUbCiF6aO1ECgGQBQ3TJuLpp9gyv3DZu!178962590!-949856031!9001!-1

United American Nurses, AFL-CIO.  See website for information on the workplace advocacy program and work by the United American Nurses union.

Holden, Constance.  “Long Hours Aside, Respondents Say Jobs Offer ‘As Much Fun As You Can Have.’”  Science, 18 June 2004; 304:  1830-7.  (Results of the 2004 update of 2001 AAAS Salary Survey, which finds continued salary gap for women scientists.)

ADVANCE Salary Survey 2008, compiled by Adrianne O’Brien,


Pessin, J. L.  “Gender Gap in Salaries Starts Right After Law School.”  Chicago Lawyer, Law Bulletin Publishing Company, Page 16, January 2005.  (Discusses findings of survey listed below, which reports salary and promotional inequity in women’s legal careers.)

The National Association for Law Placement Foundation and the American Bar Foundation.  “After the JD:  First Results of a National Study of Legal Careers.”  2004  (Findings discussed in article above.)

Rhode, Deborah L.  “The Unfinished Agenda:  Women and the Legal Profession.”  Chicago: American Bar Association Commission on Women in the Profession, 2001.

Social Work

Koeske, G. and W. Krowinski.  “Gender-Based Salary Inequity in Social Work:  Mediators of Gender’s Effect on Salary”, Social Work, Volume 49, Issue 2, page 309, April 2004.  (Finds that career-trajectory differences aren’t enough to explain pay inequities for women, who moreover are overrepresented in the field.)


Svarstad, B., J. Draugalis, S. Meyer, and J. K. Mount.  “The Status of Women in Pharmacy Education:  Persisting Gaps and Issues.”  American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 68 (3) Article 79, 2004  (Salary and advancement gaps for women educators at schools of pharmaceutical science.)

“MIT Women Faculty Seek Better Treatment.”  Women in Higher Education, 11 (5): 4, May 2002.  (Salary and advancement gaps for women professors at MIT.)

“Inequities Persist for Women and Non-Tenure-Track Faculty:  The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2004-05”.  American Association of University Professors, April 2005.  (Includes salaries and trends for university professors, highlighting gender equity issues.)

“Rankings & Estimates:  Rankings of the States 2005 and Estimates of Schools Statistics 2006”, National Education Association, (NEA) 2006 (Includes data on classroom teacher salaries & trends.)

“Survey & Analysis of Teacher Salary Trends 2005.”  American Federation of Teachers (AFT)

Pierce, Kate.  “The Salary Equity Factor.”  In Rush, R. R., C.E. Oukrop, and P. Creedon (Editors), Seeking Equity For Women In Journalism and Mass Communication Education:   A 30-year Update (pages 149-160).  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.  May 27, 2004. (Chapter provides an overview of pay inequity, focusing on female professors.)

Union/Collective Bargaining:

AFL-CIO.  Various fact sheets and links on equal pay.

“Median Weekly Earnings of Full Time Wage and Salary Workers by Union Affiliation, Occupation and Industry.”  Table 43, 2008 figures  (DOL/BLS)

Hirsch, Barry T. and David A. Macpherson.  Union Membership and Earnings Data Book:   Compilations From the Current Population Survey (2008 Edition).  Washington DC:  Bureau of National Affairs, 2008.  (Variety of tables showing U.S. workers’ status.  Includes several tables by industry and occupation, which include libraries and librarians).  See also:  Additional Earnings and Union Membership Data (2008), companion to above item.

Middleton, Lynn.  Pay Equity: Training and Awareness Raising, Union Education Manual.  Education International and Public Services International, September 2002.


U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.  “Women in the Labor Force:  A Databook.”, September 2006.  (A wealth of statistics on women’s earnings and labor force participation patterns.)

Rose, S. and H. Hartmann.  “Still a Man’s Labor Market:  The Long-Term Earnings Gap.”   Institute for Women’s Policy Research, 2004.   (A look at the wage gap over time, using longitudinal data.)

Taking On the Big Boys: Or Why Feminism Is Good for Families, Business, and the Nation, Ellen Bravo, the first 2 chapters are available free online:,

AAUW Pay Equity Resource Kit: Equal Pay Day 2008 and Beyond.  American Association of University Women.

Mishel, Lawrence and Gould, Elise.  “Inhospitable Job Market to Greet College Graduates.” Economic Snapshots, May 14, 2008.  Economic Policy Institute.

Pay Equity: How? Education International.

 * Library occupations not included.


July 2008

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